All About SRECs: Your Top Questions, Including How to Register and How They Work

All About SRECs: Your Top Questions, Including How to Register and How They Work

Now that we have SREC markets across our entire service areaVirginia, Maryland and DCmany of our customers have questions about exactly what SRECs are and how they work. Specifically, we’ll lay out the process for registration with our preferred broker, Sol Systems, below. So if you’re wondering how it all works, read on!

What exactly is an SREC?

Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SRECs) exist in any state where there is a law mandating the amount of solar energy required on the grid each year. The mandate is called a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The RPS requires our largest utilities to provide a certain amount of renewable energy every year or pay a fine. Purchasing SRECs from solar owners is a way for the utility to meet that requirement. You can learn more about the new Virginia SREC market created by the Virginia Clean Economy Act here, and you can learn more about renewable energy credits in general, here

How do SRECs work?

SRECs are earned every time you generate 1,000 kWh of solar energy. A general rule of thumb is that a 10kW system would generate roughly 12 SRECs per year. 

Prices for SRECs fluctuate like commodities. Once you’re registered with a broker, like Sol Systems, they will sell your SRECs for you at whatever the current selling price is. Pricing is dependent on how much solar energy the utilities need in order to comply with the state's RPS at any given time. 

What is Sol Systems?

In a nutshell, Sol Systems is a broker that helps you sell your SRECs to the utilities on the open market, ensuring that you have a fair price and full transparency into your account. 

There are other companies that will manage your SRECs for you, but we prefer working with Sol Systems because they have the most streamlined system and take a smaller percentage fee than others for the market price per SREC (the greater of $5 or 5% per SREC). It’s your choice, though, so please feel free to do some research if you want to manage the process on your own with another company. 

What's the Difference Between the Contract Options at Sol Systems?

Sol Systems offers several choices for SREC trading. We can't recommend one or the other for you, but here are the different choices: 

  1. Sol Brokerage
    Sol Brokerage pays the market price per SREC. Sol Brokerage customers' payments are paid a weighted average of all SRECs sold in a given quarter, less the transaction fee, for each SREC. This is a more typical setup for SREC sales, but is also a bit higher risk. 
  2. Sol Profit Share
    Sol Profit Share customers are paid a guaranteed, fixed price per SREC plus additional profit when SREC market prices rise above a set threshold. Even if market prices fall, the customer still receives the fixed price per SREC. This is a lower risk, potentially lower reward option and may be right for some customers depending on their tolerance. 
  3. Sol Annuity

    Sol Annuity pays one fixed rate per SREC. Sol Annuity customers are paid a guaranteed, fixed price per SREC, no matter the market rate. The fixed price is set by the customer's contract. SREC payments to the customer are unaffected by changes in the market.

  4. Sol Combo 

    Sol Combo pays one fixed rate, then a second fixed rate, per SREC

    Sol Combo customers are paid a guaranteed, fixed price per SREC for the first period of the contract (usually 3 years) and then a different fixed rate for the second period (usually 7 years). Both fixed prices are set by the customer's contract. 

    Sol Combo contracts are very similar to Sol Annuity contracts, since SREC payments are unaffected by changes in the market. 

  5. Sol Upfront

    Sol Upfront customers receive one lump-sum payment for the duration of their contract. The payment amount is calculated from the system size (capacity in kW DC) multiplied by the Sol Upfront rate offered by Sol Systems.

How Do I Register?

If you're an Ipsun customer, we'll get you started by adding your name to Sol Systems' registration list. Then Sol Systems will send you a Schedule A form to sign to start the registration. In the meantime, you can email us at if you have questions.

Here is an overview of the registration process:

Step 1: Fill out the Schedule A form. When you receive the form, called Schedule A, (via DocuSign) after you’ve received permission to operate from the utility at the end of your project, you can sign to start the process rolling.

Schedule A "states that the generation owner (solar owner) gives Sol Systems the
rights to operate and trade on the customer's behalf within the SREC tracking
system." Just input your name, address of where the solar is installed, and sign.

Step 2: Watch for the confirmation email from Sol Systems. 

Step 3: Create your account in Sol Systems' portal. Once you receive that confirmation email, you can create your account in SRECTrade. Just follow the directions in their email, and if you have questions you can contact SRECTrade at (877) 466-4606. Once you have set up your account, you will be able to track the status of the approval of the application, see your estimated approval date, and ultimately, see the SRECs your system generates and the money you earn.

Step 4: Sol Systems may ask you to grant permission to access your Enphase data so that you can participate in auto-reporting. Enphase will send you a notification to approve auto-reporting, either via email or in your Enlighten app. Click approve and you should be good to go.

In order to receive this notification, you must have access to Enphase Enlighten. If you have not yet set up an account in Enphase Enlighten, do so by following the steps in this video:

Step 5: Once you create your account, it can take time for them to get you set up in their system. We find that it’s about 80 days for DC, and about 40 days for VA and MD. You don’t need to do anything during this time.

Step 6: Once Sol Systems gets the notification that your application has been fully approved, they may reach out to you to ask for your meter reading. This can seem confusing, but all they’re asking for is the total kWh that your system has produced in its lifetime so far. You can find this information in your Enlighten App under My Enlighten View > Energy > Lifetime. See the screenshots below for the mobile and desktop views of this. If you have any trouble locating the information, just give us a call at 866-484-7786 and we’ll help you out. 

Enphase enlighten screenshot

How long does it take to start generating SRECs, and when will I receive payment?

Customers typically receive their first payment within 3-6 months after signing up with Sol Systems.

Sol Annuity, Sol Profit Share, and Sol Brokerage systems are paid quarterly for SRECs according to the schedules below.  Quarterly payments are posted by the last business day of the month.

Sol Upfront payments are paid within 15 business days of approval on a rolling basis.

Note that your SREC eligibility begins at either your interconnection approval date or the 1st of the year in which your complete SREC application is filed, whichever occurred later. So if your project was completed this year, you will receive SRECs dating back to the day the utility granted you PTO. If your project was completed last year, you will receive credit dating back to January 1, 2022.

More Questions? Reach Out Anytime!

We’re here to help make selling your SRECs easy. Our dedicated SREC team is happy to answer questions and help in any way we can. Reach out to or give us a call any time at 866-484-7786. We love talking SRECs with you!

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