We are so excited about the expansion of the solar investment tax credit (ITC) created by the Inflation Reduction Act, and we know you are too! We know you also may have questions about the change, including what's covered now, how to file your paperwork, and what documentation you may need. Read on for all the info you need about the new tax credit!
If you need some background on what the ITC is, and what changes the Inflation Reduction Act brought about, check out our recent post about this historic climate legislation to learn more. Otherwise, below you'll find the nuts and bolts details on how to take advantage of the new 30% credit!
First, what exactly is a tax credit?
It’s important to remember that a tax credit is different from a tax deduction. The tax credit means that you will be able to deduct the full 30% of the total cost of your solar project from your total tax liability, rather than as a deduction from your taxable income.
It's basically a dollar-for-dollar reduction in the amount of income tax you would otherwise owe. For example, claiming a $1,000 federal tax credit reduces your federal income taxes due by $1,000.
Who is eligible for the 30% tax credit?
If you installed solar on your home any time in 2022, or if you do so any time through the end of 2032, you are entitled to the 30% tax credit. There’s no dollar limit on those expenses; you’re entitled to that 30 percent tax break whether you spend $20,000 or more than $100,000 on costs associated with a residential solar system.
What is covered? And is the new law different in how I would claim the credit or what applies?
As far as residential solar is concerned, the only change in the solar tax credit is the bump up to 30% and the extension for ten more years. You'll file for the credit as you would normally, and the same things are covered. You do not need any new paperwork or documentation.
According to the Department of Energy and the new law’s language, the same expenses covered under the old law are eligible for this new solar tax credit:
- Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels.
- PV cells used to power an attic fan (but not the fan itself).
- Contractor labor for onsite preparation, assembly, or original installation.
- Permitting fees, inspection costs, and developer fees.
- All equipment needed to get the solar system running, including wiring, inverters, and mounting equipment.
- Storage batteries. (You can claim the tax credit for these even if you buy and install them a year or more after you install the solar system.)
- Sales taxes on eligible expenses.
How do I claim my 30% credit?
For residential customers, taking advantage of the solar ITC is simple. All you need to know is the total amount you paid for your solar project. You may have that information in your document section of the Ipsun App, or you can call us and ask for your paperwork--we're happy to help!
To claim the credit, you’ll file IRS Form 5695 as part of your tax return. You calculate the credit on the form, and then enter the result on your 1040.
Here's a screenshot of the 2021 Form 5695 -- you can see that line 6b asks you to multiply your total by 26% -- next year's 2022 form will say 30% instead:
What if I don't have enough tax liability to take the full credit in one year?
If you end up with a bigger credit than you have income tax due—a $3,000 credit on a $2,500 tax bill, for instance—you can carry the credit over to the following tax years for as long as the credit is available. You'll get 30% on your carryover through 2032, and after that you'll get 26% in 2033 and 22% in 2034. In 2035, the credit goes away.
Of course, we’re solar experts, not tax experts! This information is meant to be a general guide. You can find all of the updated policy for residential customers under Section 25D of the IRS tax code. Please make sure to consult your tax advisor for instructions and details about your specific situation.
Get in touch!
We're always happy to talk through any questions you have so feel free to reach out with your questions about the new tax credit any time!